Botanical impurities

Feed safety : Official opinions : Botanical impurities

The European Food Safety Agency has carried out risk assessments for several different materials of botanic origin. This page contains the main assessments. More information can be found at:

General website of the EFSA: http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en.html

Guidance on Safety assessment of botanicals and botanical preparations intended for use as ingredients in food supplements (2009): http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/efsajournal/pub/1249.htm

Advice on the EFSA guidance document for the safety assessment of botanicals and botanical preparations intended for use as food supplements, based on real case studies (ESCO report, 2009): http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/supporting/pub/280r.htm

EFSA Compendium of botanicals that have been reported to contain toxic, addictive, psychotropic or other substances of concern (2009): http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/supporting/pub/281r.htm

Major, recent risk assessments:

Ragweed (2010): http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/efsajournal/pub/1566.htm

Supporting document on morphine in poppy seeds and a range of emerging mycotoxins (2009): http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/supporting/doc/24e.pdf

Saponins, Madhuca (2009): http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/efsajournal/pub/979.htm

Gossypol (2009): http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/efsajournal/pub/908.htm

Consideration of Pyridine, Pyrrole and Quinoline Derivatives evaluated by JECFA (2009): http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/efsajournal/pub/936.htm

Pyridine, pyrrole, indole and quinoline derivatives (2008): http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/efsajournal/pub/792.htm

Ricin, Ricinus (2008): http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/efsajournal/pub/726.htm

Tropane alkaloids, Datura (2008): http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/efsajournal/pub/691.htm

Pyrollizidine alkaloids (2007): http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/efsajournal/pub/447.htm